Maternal obesity linked to increased risk of early-onset neonatal sepsis

The risk of early-onset neonatal bacterial sepsis increases with maternal obesity, according to a new study of University of Michigan and the Karolinska Institute in Sweden. Lead researcher Eduardo Villamor, a professor of epidemiology at U-M’s School of Public Health, said the study builds on previous research into exposure to motherly obesity and health risks […]

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Does ‘mommy brain’ last? Study shows motherhood does not diminish attention

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. — “Mommy brain” is a long-held perception that mothers are more forgetful and less attentive. “In most studies, however, attention and memory tests are given to mothers very early postpartum,” said Valerie Tucker Miller, a Ph.D. student in Purdue University’s Department of Anthropology department. Miller is studying the effects of motherhood on attention, […]

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3D modelling identifies nutrient exchange in the human placenta

New three-dimensional imaging of the human placenta has been developed to help understand the reasons for fetal growth restriction – a condition which affects thousands in the UK alone. Across all species of mammals, vital life-giving nutrients are transported around the body by complex networks of blood vessels. Despite the importance of these networks, there […]

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Recurrent miscarriage: diabetes drug could lead to new treatment

A drug designed to tackle diabetes could also be repurposed as the first treatment to prevent miscarriage by targeting the lining of the womb itself, according to a clinical trial led by the University of Warwick. The treatment works by increasing the amount of stem cells in the lining of the womb, improving conditions in […]

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NIH researchers uncover genes linked to common recurrent fever in children

Study shows mutations in inflammation-related genes are associated with PFAPA syndrome. Researchers at the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), part of the National Institutes of Health, have discovered clues to the possible cause of recurring, non-contagious fevers and sores that affect only children. Several genes have been implicated with the syndrome, known as PFAPA […]

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Pregnant women are not at greater risk of severe COVID-19 than other women

Researchers from the University of Oxford, in collaboration with the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, the Universities of Leeds and Birmingham, Kings and Imperial Colleges London, have published new research that suggests pregnant women are no more likely to become ill with severe COVID-19 than non-pregnant woman. However, the majority of women who did […]

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New targets for childhood brain tumors identified

Neurons, immune cells work together to promote tumor growth in neurofibromatosis type 1By Tamara Bhandari Children with the genetic condition neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) can develop brain and nerve tumors. If a tumor develops within the optic nerve, which connects the eye and the brain, the child may lose his or her vision. New research at […]

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Human pregnancy is weird. A new study adds to the mystery

Research provides insight into the evolution of the progesterone receptor gene — and raises more questions By Charlotte Hsu BUFFALO, N.Y. — From an evolutionary perspective, human pregnancy is quite strange, says University at Buffalo biologist Vincent Lynch. “For example, we don’t know why human women go into labor,” Lynch says. “Human pregnancy tends to last […]

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